Napoli and surroundings

Naples, a city of art, takes the form of an amphitheatre on the sea with Vesuvius, the coastal mountains and the islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida, and Capo Miseno as its landmarks. Located at the centre of the Mediterranean, the main town of the Campania Region and capital of Italy’s Mezzogiorno, Naples extends over an area of 118 square km and has a population of about 1,000,000 inhabitants.

Naples city center, where the congress site is located, is easy to explore on foot, with extensive pedestrian zones, but has also a good transportation network.
Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (ANM) is the public transport company that runs city and suburban routes. The website provides information on the different forms of transportation to be found in Naples and the neighboring towns. Buses are available, but, because of heavy traffic, Neapolitans rely on underground trains (metropolitana) and funiculars. The stations of Metro Line 1 are an artsy experience on their own (Metro Art Tour). Metro line 2 and 4 funiculars (Chiaia, Centrale, Montesanto and Mergellina) connect different areas of Naples. Alibus serves the airport. Circumvesuviana trains serve Ercolano, Pompei and Sorrento. Taxis can be found at taxi posts, hailed in the street and called by phone. Fares have been approved by Naples municipal government, and are equivalent for the different companies. Taxis are white and bear a visible sign.


Parthenope was founded in the VII century BC by the inhabitants of Cuma, a polis of Magna Graecia, to serve as a harbor. The foundation site includes the islet where now is Castel dell’Ovo, and the new town was named after the mythic siren. Between VI and V century BC, after a period of decline following the wars with Etruscans, a new polis, Neapolis, was funded. In Imperial times, Naples and its surroundings increased their fame as an area of great attractiveness, beautiful villas, thermae and theatres where Roman aristocracy were engaged in their “otia”. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Naples, like the rest of Italy, had to suffer subsequent invasions, until it surrenders to Normans in XI century. In 1220 a new conqueror arrives, Frederick II, King of Sicily and Germany, and here he founded, in 1224, the first state University, dedicated to the training of secular administrators, today named after him, as “University of Napoli Federico II”. The Swabians were followed by the dynasties Anjou and Aragonese. During XVII century, Naples was governed by Spanish functionaries, and in XVIII century by the Bourbons, with the brief parentheses of the Parthenopean Republic (1799) and the Napoleonic period. In 1860, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia (Piedmont – Sardinia), and Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy was proclaimed king of the new state, Kingdom of Italy, in 1861. It is now recognized that the period before Italian unification was characterized by social, scientific and technological achievements.


Naples history results in a unique mixture of interesting attractions: in Naples you can visit Greek and Roman archaeological sites, romanic and gothic churches, medieval castles, baroque palaces, art nouveau and rationalistic architecture. Naples centro storico (historic centre), probably the largest open air museum in the world, is listed among UNESCO world heritage sites.

While in Naples don’t miss the opportunity to visit a few places like:

  • The archaeological ruins of Pompeii
  • Ischia island
  • Procida island (the Italian capital of culture for 2022)
  • Herculaneum ruins
  • The Museo Cappella Sansevero

Other tips and top attractions:


Pompeii is an entire buried city with squares, temples, baths, public buildings, private villas, and shops…just a visit to the city’s forum takes about an hour. A Naples to Pompeii train costs €2.80, takes 35 minutes.
You can get the tickets for Pompeii visit from the official website


It is the largest of the three islands off the coast of Naples (Ischia, Capri, Procida). You can get there by ferry which takes from 50 min (aliscafo) to 1 hr 30 min (traghetto).


Procida is the Italian capital of culture for 2022, the smallest inhabited island in the Bay of Naples. Ferries and hydrofoils to Procida depart from two different piers inside the Naples’s port: Calata di Massa and Molo Beverello.


The archaeological park is ideal stop for those who have limited time but want to experience the thrill of walking in the footsteps of the ancient Romans! You can easily take a train to the ruins.


Below you find a map where we suggest walking or jogging.

Stazione Zoologica of Napoli – MUSEUM AND AQUARIUM

The Stazione Zoologica of Napoli will offer free visits to the Museum and the Aquarium (first come first served) on May 31st evening, during the welcome cocktail at the Museo Darwin Dohrn in Villa Comunale. Additionally, from June 1st to 3rd all the participants can get a reduced ticket, showing the conference badge at the ticket shop.

The visits:
Aquarium: An immersion in the Gulf of Naples, discovering the incredible biodiversity present a few steps from us, a few meters from the Villa Comunale. The Aquarium, with its historical value and its 19 tanks represents a unique experience to know the Mediterranean Sea without forgetting some tropical environments, new this year.
The Darwin Dohrn Museum, built in the recently renovated Casina del Boschetto, aims to open the research world of the Zoological Station to Neapolitans and visitors to the city.